Exploring The Historical Armenian Church In Dhaka, Bangladesh

The Armenian Church in Dhaka, a historical place of Bangladesh, holds a fascinating story within its ancient walls. Wondering about the significance of this unique site? Well, allow me to shed some light. The Armenian Church in Dhaka stands as a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of the Armenian community in Bangladesh. Its architecture, dating back to the 17th century, showcases a captivating blend of Armenian and Mughal influences. So, let’s embark on a journey through time and immerse ourselves in the captivating tales that lie within the Armenian Church – Dhaka (Historical Place of Bangladesh).

Exploring the Historical Armenian Church in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Armenian Church – Dhaka (Historical Place of Bangladesh)

The Armenian Church in Dhaka holds a significant place in the history and culture of Bangladesh. Located in the Armanitola area of Old Dhaka, this historical site stands as a testament to the rich Armenian heritage in the country. The church, also known as Holy Resurrection Church or Armenian Apostolic Church, serves not only as a place of worship but also as a symbol of the enduring Armenian community in Bangladesh.

History of the Armenian Church in Dhaka

Arrival of Armenians in Bangladesh

The Armenians have a long history of migration and trade, and their presence in Bengal dates back to the 17th century. Many Armenian merchants and traders settled in Dhaka during the Mughal era, establishing a vibrant Armenian community. These Armenians contributed significantly to the economic, social, and cultural fabric of the region.

Construction of the Armenian Church

The Armenian Church in Dhaka was built in 1781 by an Armenian merchant named Khwaja Hovhannes, also known as Gorgin Khan. It was constructed on a plot of land donated by the local zamindar, Agha Katlak Ali. The church was designed in the traditional Armenian architectural style, with distinct features such as a bell tower and a cross at the apex.

Architectural Significance

The Armenian Church in Dhaka showcases a unique blend of Armenian and Mughal architectural styles. The exterior of the church reflects Mughal influences, while the interior features intricate Armenian designs. The walls of the church are adorned with beautiful frescoes depicting biblical scenes and Armenian motifs, adding to its aesthetic appeal.

Restoration and Preservation Efforts

Over the years, the Armenian Church has undergone several renovations and restorations to preserve its historical and cultural significance. The Armenian community, along with the Bangladesh government and various organizations, has actively worked towards maintaining the church’s integrity. These restoration efforts have helped safeguard the architectural heritage of the Armenian Church for future generations.

Armenian Church – An Architectural Marvel

Exterior Design

The Armenian Church in Dhaka stands tall with its unique architectural features. The exterior design showcases a fusion of Mughal and Armenian influences. The grand entrance is adorned with intricate carvings and a beautifully carved wooden door. The bell tower, with its distinct shape, adds to the charm of the church’s façade.

Interior Decorations

Step inside the Armenian Church, and you will be greeted by stunning interior decorations. The walls are adorned with colorful frescoes, depicting scenes from the Bible and Armenian history. The ceiling features intricate woodwork and chandeliers, enhancing the visual appeal of the space. The altar, placed at the center of the church, is a focal point for worship and reflection.

Armenian Artifacts and Relics

The Armenian Church houses a collection of valuable artifacts and relics that provide insights into the Armenian community’s rich history. The church preserves ancient Armenian manuscripts, religious relics, and intricately crafted liturgical objects. These artifacts offer a glimpse into the cultural heritage and traditions of the Armenian people.

The Armenian Community in Bangladesh

Contributions to Trade and Commerce

The Armenian community in Bangladesh played a pivotal role in the country’s trade and commerce during the Mughal era. The Armenians were renowned merchants and traders, specializing in various commodities like muslin, silk, spices, and precious gemstones. They established strong business networks and contributed to the economic development of the region.

Interaction with Local Culture

The Armenian community not only thrived in trade but also immersed themselves in the local culture of Bengal. They embraced the language, cuisine, and traditions, forming a unique blend of Armenian-Bengali culture. This cultural exchange enriched both communities and fostered intercultural understanding.

Preserving the Legacy

Importance of Historical Preservation

Preserving historical sites like the Armenian Church is crucial for understanding and appreciating the diverse heritage of Bangladesh. Such sites provide a link to the past and contribute to the country’s cultural identity. By protecting and promoting the Armenian Church, the rich history of the Armenian community in Bangladesh can continue to be celebrated and remembered.

Tourism and Awareness

The Armenian Church in Dhaka has gained recognition as a heritage site and attracts tourists and history enthusiasts from around the world. Tourism initiatives and awareness campaigns have helped shed light on the church’s historical significance, drawing attention to the Armenian community’s contributions to Bangladesh’s history and culture.

Collaboration and Documentation

Collaboration between the Armenian community, local authorities, and cultural organizations is vital for the continued preservation of the church. Documenting the history, architecture, and stories associated with the Armenian Church can serve as an educational resource for future generations and promote cultural exchange.


The Armenian Church in Dhaka stands as a living testament to the rich Armenian heritage in Bangladesh. Its architectural splendor, historical significance, and cultural contributions make it a valuable asset to the country’s heritage. Preserving and promoting the Armenian Church ensures that the story of the Armenian community’s resilience and influence continues to inspire generations to come. By exploring this historical site, visitors can step back in time and appreciate the unique fusion of Armenian and Bengali culture that thrived in Dhaka.

The Armenian Church of Dhaka

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the history of Armenian Church in Dhaka?

The Armenian Church in Dhaka is a historical place that dates back to the 18th century. It was built by Armenian merchants who settled in the city during that time. The church served as a place of worship for the Armenian community and played an important role in their cultural and social life.

What is the architectural significance of Armenian Church in Dhaka?

The Armenian Church in Dhaka is known for its unique architectural style. It showcases a blend of Armenian and European architectural elements. The church features beautiful arches, intricate carvings, and a distinct bell tower. The architectural design reflects the cultural heritage of the Armenian community and stands as a testament to their presence in Dhaka.

Is the Armenian Church still functional?

Yes, the Armenian Church in Dhaka is still functional. Although the Armenian community in Dhaka has significantly diminished over the years, the church continues to hold regular services and religious ceremonies. It is also open to visitors who are interested in exploring its rich history and architectural beauty.

Can non-Armenians visit the Armenian Church in Dhaka?

Yes, non-Armenians are welcome to visit the Armenian Church in Dhaka. The church is open to all visitors who are interested in experiencing its historical and cultural significance. It offers a glimpse into the Armenian community’s legacy in the city and provides an opportunity to appreciate its architectural beauty.

What are some notable features of the Armenian Church in Dhaka?

The Armenian Church in Dhaka boasts several notable features. These include its stained glass windows, intricately designed altar, and a collection of religious artifacts and manuscripts. The church also houses a small museum that showcases the history and contributions of the Armenian community in Dhaka.

Is the Armenian Church in Dhaka a popular tourist attraction?

Yes, the Armenian Church in Dhaka is a popular tourist attraction. Its historical and architectural significance draws in visitors from both local and international backgrounds. The serene ambiance and well-preserved structure make it a must-visit destination for those interested in exploring Bangladesh’s rich cultural heritage.

Final Thoughts

The Armenian Church in Dhaka is a prominent historical place in Bangladesh, reflecting the rich cultural heritage of the Armenian community. Established in the 18th century, this church stands as a testament to the strong presence and contributions of Armenians in the region. Its architectural beauty, adorned with intricate carvings and stunning details, continues to captivate visitors. The preservation and restoration efforts undertaken by the government and concerned individuals have ensured the longevity and significance of this historical landmark. A visit to the Armenian Church in Dhaka is a journey into the past, allowing us to appreciate the cultural diversity and historical depth of Bangladesh.

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